In Germany, Wohnungsräumung, or apartment eviction, is a legal process undertaken when a tenant fails to fulfill their obligations under a rental agreement. While eviction is often seen as a last resort, it’s a significant step in ensuring property rights and maintaining the integrity of the rental market. Understanding the process and implications of Wohnungsräumung is essential for both landlords and tenants.

The Legal Framework

Wohnungsräumung is governed by strict legal guidelines outlined in the German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, or BGB). Landlords must adhere to these regulations to ensure a fair and lawful eviction process. Typically, the process begins with the landlord issuing a written warning to the tenant, outlining the reasons for potential eviction and Wohnungsräumung providing an opportunity for rectification within a specified timeframe.

If the tenant fails to address the issues or breaches the rental agreement again, the landlord can proceed with legal action by filing a lawsuit with the local court. The court will review the case, hear both parties’ arguments, and make a judgment based on the evidence presented.

Grounds for Eviction

There are several grounds for Wohnungsräumung, including non-payment of rent, significant damage to the property, disturbance of neighbors, or illegal activities conducted on the premises. Each case is unique, and the court evaluates the circumstances to determine whether eviction is justified.

The Eviction Process

Once the court issues a judgment in favor of the landlord, the eviction process begins. The tenant is served with a formal eviction notice, typically delivered by a court bailiff. This notice specifies the date by which the tenant must vacate the premises voluntarily. If the tenant refuses to leave, the landlord can request the assistance of law enforcement to forcibly remove them from the property.

Implications for Tenants

For tenants facing eviction, the consequences can be severe. Not only do they lose their place of residence, but they may also face difficulty finding new accommodation, especially if the eviction is recorded on their rental history. Additionally, tenants may be liable for any outstanding rent or damages to the property, as determined by the court.

Implications for Landlords

While eviction can be a necessary step to protect their property interests, landlords must navigate the process carefully to avoid legal repercussions. Failure to follow the correct procedures or unlawfully evicting a tenant can result in legal action against the landlord, including fines and damages awarded to the tenant.


Wohnungsräumung is a complex legal process with significant implications for both landlords and tenants. It underscores the importance of maintaining clear communication and upholding the terms of the rental agreement. By understanding the legal framework and following due process, landlords and tenants can navigate eviction situations with fairness and integrity, ensuring a harmonious rental relationship and upholding the rule of law in the housing market.